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Basic Intelligence

I.        Definition of Terms

           Intelligence is the product resulting from the collection, evaluation, analysis, integration and interpretation of all available information, which concerns a foreign nation, or an area of operation.

          Military Information means all facts, documents, materials, photograph, diagram, maps and reports of observation of any kind which increases our knowledge of a possible or actual enemy or area of operations.

         Military Intelligence is a knowledge acquired through the collection, evaluation and interpretation of all information concerning a possible or actual enemy or area of operations, including the weather and terrain.

           Combat Intelligence is that knowledge of the enemy, weather and terrain required by a commander in planning and conducting tactical operation. It is developed during the conduct of the operations modification of the original operation plan which may be appreciated.

           Counter Intelligence is an aspect which comprises civil and military measures, including the collection, reprocessing and distribution of information and executive actions, designed to counter enemy or to prevent sabotage or subversion activities.

           Intelligence Axiom are facts that required no doubt because the truths of these statements are obvious.


II.     Principles of Intelligence

             1. Intelligence is Continuous

                        All intelligence activities follow a four (4) stage cycle: Planning, Collection, Evaluation and Dissemination.

                        The cycle is continuous and all steps are carried out in an orderly fashion. We cannot afford to have unsystematic and inefficient of information. Any lead must be followed vigorously.

                         Check the reliability of the source to verify the raw of information. Do anything to    make that information available in useful form.

            2.  Intelligence Operations and Tactical Operation are Interdependent

            3.   Intelligence Must Be Useful

                         Otherwise, what do operating troops need for? It focuses on a certain intelligence requirement of a commander or his operating troops.

                             The intelligence operation is not terminated, until positive results come out.

             4. Intelligence Must Be Timely

                             The best intelligence is worthless if it does not reach the user in time for appropriate action.

                             There must always be an effective system of disseminating intelligence, as the timeless of each bit of information must be exploited.

             5. Intelligence Operations Must Be Flexible

                             Intelligence activities are always based on logical steps. Standard intelligence procedures make intelligence operations effective, but must not be followed blindly. Procedures can be changed to meet requirements.

            6. Intelligence operation requires imagination and foresight.

      7. Intelligence requires security measures.


III.     Intelligence Axiom

             a.  Axiom Nr 1 Intelligence is crucial to internal security.

 b.  Axiom Nr 2 Intelligence is essential to all types of operations.

                       1.  Internal Defense Operations

                       2.  Internal Development Operations

                       3.  Psychological Operations

             c. Axiom Nr. 3 Intelligence is the responsibility of all government agencies.

d. Axiom Nr 4 Intelligence of the government must be superior to that of the enemy.


IV.     Intelligence Cycle

             It is the continuous and unending process or step undertaken by the intelligence section in the production of intelligence.


A. Phases of Intelligence

        1. Planning/Directing of collection effort.

        2. Collection of information.

        3. Processing of information.

        4. Dissemination and used.


1. Planning/Directing of Collection Effort

         It is the determination of the intel requirements, intel priorities, which are Essential Elements of Information (EEI) and are critical items and requires timely decision, and Other Intelligence Requirements (OIE), information of secondary importance of EEI but may affect the accomplishment of the mission.


2. Collection of Information is the systematic extraction of information from sources.

         a. Source Are persons, things, or actions from which information about the enemy, weather or terrain is derived.

               1. Method of Collecting Information

                       a. Personnel Observation By means of intention, surveillance, direct visit and raid and searches.

b. Interrogation by Screening Interviewing, formal interrogation and illicitation.

c. Study of documents Are records research thru operational file and operational data report.

d. Use of Human Resources by information, informants, recruits, employees and agents.

3. Processing of Information Step in intel cycle wherein information becomes intelligence thru recording, evaluation and interpretation.

        a. Recording Used of different formats such as: Journal, Intel Worksheet, Situation Map, and Intel files.

        b. Evaluation Examination and determination of its priorities, accuracy, pertinent, credibility and reliability of the source. 


    Reliability of Source

         A Completely reliable

         B Usually Reliable

         C Fairly Reliable

         D Not Usually Reliable

         E Unreliable

         F Reliability cannot be judge


    Accuracy of Information

        1 Confirmed by other sources

        2 Probably True

        3 Possibly True

        4 Doubtfully True

        5 Improvable       

        6 Truth cannot be judge


    Source of Agencies

        T Direct observation by the commander of the unit

        U Report of penetrating agent or resident agent

        V Report of AFP troopers involved in the encounter

        W Interrogation of captured enemy agent/foreigner

        X Observation by government, civilian employee or official

        Y Observation of populace

        Z Documentary


4. Planning and Executing the Collection Effort


    A. Step in Planning the Collection Effort

        1. Determine the intelligence requires for decision and plans.

        2. Determine the priorities of need for each other.

       3. Determine those enemy activities and characteristic of area of operation which could indicate the answer to intel requirement.

        4. Determine specific items of information and timely use.


    B. Intelligence Personnel must understand the following:

        1. The mission of the command.

        2. The areas of operation.

      3. The nature of available sources of information, capabilities and the limitation of available agencies.

        4. The step in planning and executing the collection effort.

        5. The tactics, organization and cheer of the enemy.


V.     Reason in Writing Reports

        A. Written records are permanent records.

        B. Make possible to transmit facts or essential data.

        C. Aid top level experts in analysis and interpretation or national and international level.


VI     Six (6) Basic Characteristic of Good Report

        1. Pertinent information which has a direct bearing.

        2. Accurate, contain mechanically and factually correct.

        3. Clearly phased used super sentences/records.

        4. Unbiased.

        5. Complete.

        6. Concise/timeliness